What is Quarrying
Quarrying is quite simply the extraction of natural resources from the earth, usually from some form of surface working or quarry site.
Quarries produce a range of useful materials, including limestone, dimension stone and rock. In Australia, the most common materials extracted are construction aggregates such as crushed rock, sand or gravel. These abundant yet essential raw materials are the foundation of our homes, schools, hospitals, roads and almost all aspects of the built environment that we depend on.
People have relied on quarry materials for thousands of years because of their strength, durability and dependability, and while the technology and processes have improved, these materials are as important to modern society today as they have ever been.
How Does Quarrying Occur?
Put simply, a pit is dug to access the deposit. Once a vertical face of rock is exposed, large chunks are dislodged from the new quarry's walls, usually through controlled blasting.
This rock is then crushed, impurities are removed and the resulting aggregate is graded by size before being stockpiled. The aggregates are then transported by road, rail or sea for use in civil construction and the production of concrete.
Sand is another important ingredient of concrete. It is quarried simply by removal from an open pit with an excavator. It is then screened and washed before being transported for use.